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Treatment of Skin Hyperpigmentation including Melasma

Hyperpigmentation is the most common skin problem reported to dermatologists.
It is a skin condition characterized by the presence of dark black or brown melanin patches on the skin.
These patches are formed because of sunlight exposure, inflammatory skin issues, hormonal imbalance and trauma.
Melanin is a skin colouring pigment formed by melanocytes in the presence of tyrosinase enzyme. Sunlight triggers the melanin production.

Types of hyper-pigmentation:

Three main types of hyperpigmentation are

  • Dark or Sun spots due to sun rays damage
  • Melasma
  • Trauma/ inflammatory hyperpigmentation


1. Dark or Sun Spots due to sun rays damage:

UV rays of sun accelerate melanin production and cause oxidative stress in skin cells.
High levels of melanin result in patchy and uneven skin tone. Exposure of red acne marks in the sun results in their darkening. Another example of hyperpigmentation from sun rays are freckles and age spots.


2. Melasma:

This type of hyperpigmentation is caused by hormone imbalance. This results in dark brown or black patches appearing on the face, nose, chin and other parts of the body in some cases.
Melasma usually happens in pregnancy, oral contraceptive, diuretics and some other medications also cause Melasma.

3. Post-inflammatory hyper-pigmentation (PIH):

This type of hyperpigmentation is a result of acne, skin trauma, eczema or psoriasis. When skin undergoes any type of injury or inflammation, melanin production heightens in that area to promote healing process.

Why it takes so long to treat Hyperpigmentation:

It can feel like it is taking forever to treat hyperpigmentation. Still, this doesn’t mean that brightening ingredients aren’t working; rather, they are actually very effective. Hundreds of studies revealed that they can significantly reduce hyperpigmentation compared with baseline values. Simply don’t look for immediate extreme results when treating moderate to serious hyperpigmentation. Roughly, it could take two to three months when you achieve or start achieving noticeable results.

Treatments and Preventions:

These can be treated by following approaches and methods


For a healthy problem free skin, sunscreen of SPF 30 plus should be used religiously and should be reapplied every two hours when exposed to sunlight for more than 2 hours.
Using good anti-oxidants containing product like Ayra brightening youth face serum helps in combating the long-term effects of UV rays on skin.


Melasma and post inflammatory hyperpigmentation can also be treated by using natural exfoliants. These help in breaking the bonds between dead skin cells resulting in fresh and glowy skin.
Lemon essential oil found in Ayra brightening youth face serum is rich in natural exfoliants.

Combination Therapy:

Dermatologists recommend combination therapy for best results for different types of hyperpigmentation.
An ideal hyperpigmentation therapy constitutes of a tyrosinase inhibitor, an exfoliant, an anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agent.
Lavender oil found in Ayra brightening youth face serum have tyrosinase inhibitor properties. Tea tree oil is known for its anti-inflammatory properties. Lemon oil has natural exfoliating and skin brightening abilities. Rosehip oil and Bergamot oil help in skin brightening, scar healing and combating oxidative stress due to free radicals. These are few among other amazing ingredients of this serum.
Ayra brightening youth face serum is the answer to all types of hyper-pigmentation.

Go Herbagenic.

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